Bunion Image

What Is a Bunion?

It's a deformity of the big toe, whereby the big toe points in the same direction as the other toes. This may cause the bone (first metatarsal to stick outwards causing a bump.

The Causes

  • Arthritis
  • Shoes that do not fit properly
  • Genetics
  • Connective tissue laxity
  • Toe trauma


Symptoms can be relieved by:

  • Orthotics
  • Bunion pads
  • Painkillers
  • Wearing better fitting footwear
  • Splinting the big toe
  • Surgery is a last resort


  • A bulging bump on the outside of the base of your big toe
  • Swelling, redness or soreness around your big toe joint
  • Thickening of the skin at the base of your big toe
  • Corns or calluses — when the first and second toes overlap
  • Pain
  • Restricted movement of the big toe